Hungary... a place were I was born... a place where I am living...
a place full of beauty and passion...get an impression of it by watching the following videos:
Hungary lies in Central Europe bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatian and Slovenia. Its capital city is Budapest (not Bukarest, that is the capital of Romania). Budapest is one of the most beautiful capitals in the world with two different city parts on the banks of the Danube, they are called Buda and Pest.
Hungary is a parliamentary democracy and it's been member of the European Union since May 2004.
Hungary's climate is continental. The summer is usually hot and the winter is cold and humid. The average yearly temperature is 8-12 °C. The change in global climate has infuence on Hungary's climate meaning that winter month (December-January-February) are a lot milder sometimes with little snow, while summer begins a bit earlier in the 2nd half of May with daily temperatures above 25 °C.
The 2 major rivers flow through the country: the Danube (417 km long) and the Tisza (518 km long).
The official language is Hungarian which is part of the Finno-Ugrian language familiy and said to be one of the most difficult languages all over the world.
Fire service: 105
To make inquiries within Hungary dial: 198
International inquiries: 199
Hungarian History in a short way
King Stephen of the Árpád dynasty ruled the country. (Picture: Feszty Körkép - fraction)
Stephen became converted to Christianity, and after his death, he was canonised.
The Mongolian Tatars devastated the country. Their presence, which lasted a year, halted development for at least a century. After the warfare with the Hungarians, the Tatars did not continue towards the west.
During the rule of King Matthias, his residences (Buda and Visegrád) became cultural centres in Europe .
At Mohács, the present southern frontier of the country, the Turks defeated the Hungarian army and 150 years of Turkish occupation started.
The Turks occupied Buda and Hungary was split into three parts. The Habsburg governed the western part of the country, the central area was ruled by the Turks, and only the south-east Transylvanian principality remained Hungarian.
Buda was recaptured from the Turks.
Under the leadership of Ferenc Rákóczi II, Prince of Transylvania, a freedom war was started against the Habsburgs. The rebels defeated the Imperial army in several battles, but did not receive the promised French support and failed. (picture: II. Rákóczi Ferenc by Ádám Mányoki)
A revolution broke out in Pest and extended over the entire country. The Habsburg Emperor was dethroned after the Hungarian army won several significant battles. Lajos Kossuth was elected Governor. Only with the help of the Russian army the Habsburgs could beat the longest European national revolution in the summer of 1849.
The Hungarians concluded a compromise with the Habsburgs and the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy was established with Vienna and Pest-Buda as centres.
Pest, Buda and Obuda were unified, Budapest became a European metropolis. Monuments like the Opera House, the National Gallery, the Parliament were built.
Germany and its allies, including the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, lost the world war. The monarchy disintegrated.
The Trianon Treaty reduced Hungary 's area by two thirds and the population by one third. Since then, considerable Hungarian minorities have been living in the neighbouring countries.
The Nazis occupied Hungary , as they did not consider it a reliable ally. During the Second World War, the Hungarians suffered grave losses on the Soviet front. At the end of the war, Fascists took over the governing of the country.
A revolution against Stalinism started, but the uprising was defeated by Soviet troops. János Kádár, who acquired power with their assistance, promised democratic socialism; in the meantime, retaliation and executions started.
The Communist party voluntarily gave up its autocracy. A multi-party parliamentary democracy came into being in the country. The Soviet army left Hungary .
/Article made by Hajnalka Kovács - IBS Trainee/