Dániel Vékony is a professor at IBS Department of Economics and Finance and has published several papers and articles about Muslims in Europe. Below, we present an introduction for two of these articles, which reflect the ever-changing landscape of Muslim minority groups.
To use and abuse – Far right parties and their attitude towards Muslims in Europe Islam, the second largest and fastest growing religion in Europe has been used by European far right parties for political profitmaking for years. However, it is worth taking a look at the different ways far right parties use politics linked to Muslim minorities. Dániel Vékony gives a short comparison on the different ways Hungarian and Western European far right parties use the so-called Muslim card for political gains. Support for far right parties in Western Europe first became tangible at the end of the 1970s. This trend grew ever-stronger due to the rise of globalization and the consequent weakening of nation states. This, paired up with a disillusionment from the conventional political left and right made the comeback of far right movements possible in these countries as an alternative to the political mainstream. After the fall of communist regimes in Central Europe, far right parties quickly re-emerged thanks to the fact that regime change did not bring along the much-anticipated quick rise in living standards. Read full articlehere
The potential dangers of identity politics regarding Muslim Minorities in Western Europe Through dealing with the run - up and aftermath of the terrorist attack of Madrid and London in 2004 and 2005, this article explores the problems of the identities of the majority societies in Western Europe and Muslim minorities living there. The article deals with the effects of weakening national identities of majority societies and it also covers challenges of national and religious identity of Muslim minorities living in these states. It tries to demonstrate that due to pressures on identities of both groups, these societies face a certain kind of security dilemma where both groups feel threatened in their identity. Majority groups in Western European societies feel that their national identities are under threat, whereas Muslim minority groups feel threatened through their religious identity. As the acts of these groups to strengthen their identity results in further sense of threat on the other side, these societies risk facing a security dilemma and an ensuing vicious circle that may cause further alienation on both sides instead of peaceful co-existence. Read full article here (p. 50.)