Located in the Heart of Europe, Austria - a Schengen state - is a small country with a population of 8,4 million that has great treasures to offer any visitor.
It encompasses both the Eastern Alps, which cover almost two-thirds of its territory, and the Danube region. Because of its location, the country has always been a crossroads between the great economic and cultural regions of Europe.
Contrary to popular perceptions, Austria is not all about mountains. A diverse mix of landscapes is packed into a relatively small area of size: glaciers, meadows, alpine valleys, wooded foothills, gently rolling farmland, vineyards, river gorges, plains and even semi-arid steppes.
Austria is a federal republic state with a parliamentary democracy, consisting of 9 independent federal regions: Burgenland, Carinthia, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Salzburg, Styria, Tyrol, Vorarlberg and Vienna. Austria joined the European Union in 1995 and is a member of the Schengen agreement.
- Official name: Republic of Austria
- Official language: German
- Territory: 83,855 km2
- Population: 8,4 million (2011)
- Capital: Vienna (1,7 million)
- Currency: Euro
- Calling code for Austria: +43
- Calling code for Vienna: (+43)
- Drives: on the right
- Time zone: CET (UTC+1), summer CEST (UTC+2)
- Highest mountain: Großglockner, 3,798 m
- Main river: Danube
- Major religion: Roman Catholic (approx. 74%), Protestant (approx. 5%)
- Electricity: 230 V
more info at: http://www.austria.info
Austria is a country rich with history, beautiful places, traditions and activities that are distinct to the area.
Austria has a temperate continental climate.
Austria is the 12th richest country in the world in terms of GDP per capita, has a well-developed social market economy and a high standard of living.
Estimated costs per year in Euro:
- Accommodation: 3,500
- Living expenses: 3,300
As well as being in the centre of Europe, Austria is also in the middle range in terms of prices.
For more details on prices of products and services click here.
Prominent people of Austrian origin who had a positive impact on the world can be found everywhere on the planet, let us mention just a few.
- Christoph Waltz (actor),
- Arnold Schwarzenegger (actor),
- Friedensreich Hundertwasser (architect),
- Gustav Klimt (painter),
- Oskat Kokoschka (painter),
- Egon Schiele (painter),
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (musician),
- Joseph Haydn (musician),
- Gustav Mahler (musician),
- Franz Schubert (musician),
- Johann Strauss (musician),
- Anton Bruckner (musician),
- Niki Lauda (Formula 1 driver),
- Ferdinand Anton Ernst Porsche (automotive engineer),
- Ludwig Wittgenstein (philosopher),
- Erwin Schrödinger (physicist),
- Sigmund Freud (psychiatrist),
- Hugo von Hoffmansthal (writer),
- Werner Schlager (table rennis),
- Franz Klammer (alpine ski),
- Thomas Muster (tennis)
On national holidays in Austria all shops, banks and public services are closed, restaurants are usually open.
- 1 January – New Year's Day
- 6 January – Epiphany
- Easter Monday*
- 1 May – Labor Day
- Ascension Day* – (Christi Himmelfahrt) 39 days after Easter Sunday
- Whit Sunday* – (Pfingsten) Pentecost Descent of the Holy Ghost upon the Apostles, 49 days after the Resurrection of Christ
- Corpus Christi* – First Holy Eucharist Last Supper. Thursday after Trinity Sunday (60 days after Easter Sunday)
- 15 August – Assumption of Mary
- 26 October – Austrian National Day (day of the Declaration of Neutrality)
- 1 November – All Saints' Day
- 8 December – Feast of the Immaculate Conception, retail stores are allowed to open for Christmas shopping
- 25 December – Christmas Day
- 26 December – St. Stephen's Day
An asterisk (*) denotes a movable holiday.